A 1031 exchange has very specific title and taxpayer requirements. Whoever the taxpayer was on the old property has to be the taxpayer for the new property. In general terms, it means that if you own a piece of property and sell it via a 1031 exchange, then you have to be the buyer of the new property.
Furthermore, any tax-paying entity that owns real estate can do a 1031 exchange, whether it is a corporation, a partnership, an LLC, a trust, or an individual. Individual members of these tax-paying entities, however, cannot solely carry out a 1031 exchange on a property owned by said organizations. The organization is the taxpayer, not the individual. The deed to a property might be in the name of a single member of an LLC. But, if it has chosen to be taxed as a sole proprietor, then all activity for the property owned by that LLC is reported on the individual (or joint) tax return of the single member. In that event, guess what? — The individual is really the taxpayer for 1031 purposes even though the deed is held by the LLC.
There is an easy rule to help you avoid trouble in all of this: Look at the tax returns and you won’t go wrong!